What are cookies?
Cookies are small text files sent to the user’s device (usually to a browser) from a website the user visits. They are stored on the user’s device so that the device is recognised on the next visit. At each following visit, in fact, the cookies are sent again from the user’s device to the site.
Cookies, however, can be installed not only by the manager of the site the user visits (first-party cookies), but also by a different site that instals cookies through the first site (third-party cookies) and can recognise them. This happens because there can be elements (images, maps, sounds, links to web pages in other domains, etc.) on the visited site that reside on servers other than the one on the visited site.
Based on their intended use, cookies may be either technical cookies or profiling cookies.
Technical cookies are installed only to ‘carry out the transmission of communications on an electronic communications network, or to the degree strictly necessary for a service to supply the information explicitly required in order to perform that service for the subscriber or user’ (cf. art. 122, section 1, of Legislative Decree 196/2003 - known as the Privacy Code - as modified by L.D. 69/2012).
They are usually used to allow efficient navigation between pages, to store the users’ preferences, to store information on specific user configurations, to perform user authentication, etc.
Technical cookies can be subdivided into navigation cookies, used to record on the user’s computer data useful in the normal navigation and use of a website (allowing, for example, the storage of the preferred size of a page in a list) and functional cookies, which allow the website to remember the choices made by the user in order to optimise its functionality (for example, functional cookies allow the site to remember a user’s specific settings, like the selection of a country and, if set, the user’s permanent access status).
Some of these cookies (called ‘essential’ or ‘strictly necessary’ cookies) enable functions without which it would not be possible to perform certain operations.
Pursuant to the aforementioned art. 122, section 1, of the Privacy Code, the use of technical cookies does not require consent from users.
The cookies known as analytics cookies are similar to technical cookies (and, therefore, as specified in the Provision, consent from users is not required for their installation, nor for further regulatory compliance) if created and used directly by the manager of the first-party site (without, therefore, the intervention of third parties) in order to optimise that site for collecting aggregate information on the number of users and how those users visit the site, and analytics cookies created and made available by third parties and used by the first-party site merely for statistical purposes, if there are, among other things, appropriate tools used to reduce the identifying ability of the analytics cookies used (for example, by masking significant portions of the IP address).
Profiling cookies are used to track the user’s navigation, analyse his behaviour for marketing purposes and to create profiles of his preferences, habits, choices, etc., so as to send advertising messages targeted to the user’s interests and in line with the preferences shown by his online navigation.
These cookies can be installed on the user’s terminal only if the user provided his consent using the methods indicated in the Provision. Based on their duration, cookies may be persistent cookies, which remain stored on the user’s device until they expire, unless removed by the user, or session cookies, which are not recorded in a persistent way on the user’s device and disappear when the browser is closed.
What kinds of cookies are used on this site?
During navigation on this site, third-party cookies may be installed on the user’s terminal. Some functions (like vocalisation of content and viewing of videos) are in fact created by using third-party services that produce technical cookies.
The third parties involved are listed below, along with the type of cookies and the links to their specific cookie policies.
Social network cookies - This portal allows users to share related content on social networks (like Facebook or Twitter) by directly accessing the sites of those social networks.
Any cookies could therefore be installed on such sites (and not on this portal). Unioncamere Lombardia is not aware of the purposes of any cookies that may be installed by those social networks on the related sites.
In order to allow users to be aware of the methods and purposes of user information processed by third parties, the following links provide the privacy statements and cookie policies of the third parties involved:
- Facebook https://www.facebook.com/privacy/explanation https://www.facebook.com/policies/cookies/
- Twitter https://twitter.com/privacy?lang=it https://support.twitter.com/articles/20170519#
This site does not use either first-party or third-party profiling cookies.
Can I disable cookies?
By default, almost all web browsers are set to accept cookies automatically. Users must therefore modify the pre-defined configuration using the settings on the browser used, which allow the user to delete/remove some or all cookies or to block the sending of cookies or to limit this to certain sites.
The disabling/blocking of cookies or their deletion may compromise the optimal use of some areas of the site or prevent some functions, in addition to possibly influencing the functioning of third-party services.
The cookie handling settings depend on the browser being used. Below are links to guides to managing cookies for the most popular browsers:
- Microsoft Internet Explorer - From ‘Tools’, select ‘Internet options’. In the pop-up window, select ‘Privacy’ and adjust the cookie settings, or use these links:
- Google Chrome - for Desktop: Select ‘Settings’, then ‘Show advanced settings’, and then in the ‘Privacy’ section select ‘Content Settings’ and adjust the cookie settings, or access them through these links:
https://support.google.com/chrome/answer/95647?hl=it&p=cpn_cookies%20https://support.google.com/accounts/answer/61416?hl=it Google Chrome for Mobile: Access through links https://support.google.com/chrome/answer/2392971?hl=it
- Mozilla Firefox - Select ‘Options’ and in the pop-up window select ‘Privacy’ to adjust the cookie settings, or access them using these links: https://support.mozilla.org/it/kb/Attivare%20e%20disattivare%20i%20cookie
- Apple Safari - Select ‘Preferences’ and then ‘Security’, where you can adjust your cookie settings, or access them using this link: https://support.apple.com/it-it/HT201265
- Opera - Select ‘Preferences’, ‘Advanced’ and then ‘Cookies’, where you can adjust your cookie settings, or access them using these links:
Android native browser: Select ‘Settings’, then ‘Privacy’, and select or deselect the ‘Accept cookies’ box.
For browsers other than the ones listed above, please check the related guides to learn how to manage cookies.